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Inheritance Tax PDF Print
Inheritance Tax - 18 December 2008
Transfers on or Within Seven Years Before Death
  2008/09 2007/08
Nil rate band to 312,000 300,000
Rate of tax on balance 40% 40%
Chargeable lifetime transfers 20% 20%

It is now possible to transfer unused nil-rate band allowances between spouses or civil partners. For individuals who die on or after 9 October 2007 a claim may be made to utilise any unused nil rate band from their deceased spouse or civil partner's estate.

The amount of the nil rate-band potentially available for transfer will be based on the proportion of the nil-rate band unused when the first spouse or civil partner died. If on the first death the chargeable estate is 156,000 and the nil-rate band is 312,000, then 50% of the original nil-rate band is unused. If the nil rate band when the surviving spouse dies is 350,000, then that would be increased by 50% to 525,000.

All lifetime transfers not covered by exemptions and made within seven years of death will be added back into the estate for the purpose of calculating the tax payable. This may then be reduced by taper relief.

Charge on Gifts Within 7 Years of Death
Years before death 0-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7
Tax reduced by 0% 20% 40% 60% 80%

Main Reliefs
Business property:
business or interest therein 100%
qualifying shareholders in unquoted* companies 100%
land, buildings, machinery, or plant used
by transferor's controlled company or partnership
Agricultural property 50% or 100%
*Unquoted companies include those listed on AIM

Nil Rate Band

The Government has announced the IHT nil rate bands for the following tax years:

  • 2009/10 - 325,000
  • 2010/11 - 350,000

Main Exemptions

  1. Most transfers between spouses and civil partners.
  2. The first 3,000 of lifetime transfers in any tax year plus any unused balance from previous year.
  3. Gifts of up to but not exceeding 250p.a. to any number of persons.
  4. Gifts in consideration of marriage or civil partnership: up to 5,000 by a parent, up to 2,500 by a grandparent, or up to 1,000 by any other person.
  5. Gifts made out of income that form part of normal expenditure and do not reduce the standard of living.
  6. Gifts to charities, whether made during lifetime or on death.
  7. Gifts to political parties

Did you know?

That the Government expect to receive 3.2 billion from inheritance tax this year. This estimate shows a suggested reduction of 700 million when compared to the last tax year.



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